The mobility sector has a large number of doable to carry connectivity into the automobile, making it a fascinating area for builders of IoT programs. The researchers on the Bosch IoT Lab are running on quite a lot of subjects with the purpose of bringing the mobility area and the IoT nearer in combination. Timo Gessmann, Director of the Bosch IoT Lab, supplies an outline of the analysis he and his colleagues are accomplishing.
STEFANIE KOWALLICK: On the Bosch IoT Lab, you’re running on quite a lot of analysis subjects in reference to mobility. Your objective is to leverage the auto as a sensor. Are you able to give an explanation for what that implies?
Timo Gessmann is the director of the Bosch IoT Lab. Along with his crew he’s running on IoT-enabled new industry fields with a focal point on mobility, power and well being in addition to IoT industry fashions, synthetic intelligence and blockchain generation.
TIMO GESSMANN: The IoT is all about connecting issues. In this day and age there are lots of sensors in a automotive that may measure temperature, automobile velocity, how a lot drive you place at the brakes, and a lot more. With the assistance of the IoT it is possible to measure and analyze relevant car data. Automotive sensor information is the important thing to offering driving force help, making improvements to protection, and making using extra sustainable. We practice the primary of “privateness through design” in our IoT tasks. In different phrases, information is encrypted and transmitted anonymously.
What attached mobility analysis subjects are you now running on?
We’re specializing in 3 analysis subjects. The primary is eco-driving. We need to be told extra about peoples’ using habits and determine how drivers will also be motivated to switch their behavior and pressure extra eco-responsibly. The objective is to scale back gasoline or power intake through examining information this is to be had in a automotive. We will be able to then beef up drivers through offering customized eco-feedback. The second one subject is protection on public roads or extra exactly twist of fate hot-spot warnings and prediction. We’re researching techniques to forestall site visitors injuries. We intention to beef up drivers with new products and services and new purposes to enhance street protection. The 3rd is customized mobility and driving force well being & well-being. The focal point here’s on making improvements to driving force and passenger convenience through enabling the auto to evolve to their wishes. In every of those fields, we’re cooperating with universities in an effort to carry the most recent clinical analysis wisdom along with the sensible subjects Bosch is these days running on.
What’s eco-driving all about?
We’re running along with psychologists from ETH Zurich and the College of St. Gallen. Our analysis will also be summed up within the query: “How are we able to enhance a automotive and its infotainment device to inspire drivers to act extra eco-responsibly?” So, from a systematic perspective it’s all about behavioral exchange. This in flip will depend on private motivation. We’re having a look on the components that affect automobile power intake and what will also be accomplished to steer person drivers to undertake a extra eco-friendly method to using.
How do you inspire drivers to pressure extra eco-responsibly?
You’ll’t exchange a driving force’s habits just by appearing them their present power intake. These days, automobiles provide you with a sign of ways a lot power you utilize consistent with 100 kilometers. That is normally displayed as undeniable textual content at the dashboard, which isn’t motivating. We subsequently advanced a smartphone app that presentations a so-called “eco-tree.” When you pressure eco-responsibly, the tree grows and produces purple apples. When you don’t pressure eco-responsibly, the tree stops rising and the apples fall from the tree. On this method, we need to give drivers extra visible suggestions. The speculation in the back of our app is analogous to a health tracker that displays your task, provides you with direct suggestions and with a bit of luck motivates you to take extra workout.
We advanced a number of apps with the assistance of psychology mavens. Then we examined those apps within the box with real-life drivers, who in general drove just about 1 million kilometers in Switzerland. We came upon that the eco-tree is a lot more motivating for a driving force than undeniable textual content, for example.
How is the eco-driving app attached to the auto?
In our box research in Switzerland we used a so-called OBD dongle. This software is hooked up to the auto and collects information at the automobile’s velocity and gasoline intake, amongst different issues. This knowledge is then transmitted to our smartphone app which gives suggestions to the driving force.
Bosch IoT Lab
The Bosch Web of Issues Lab has been officially opened in September 2012. This is a cooperation between the College of St. Gallen, ETH Zurich and the Bosch Crew. The Bosch IoT Lab is exploring new IoT-enabled product and industry fields with a focal point on mobility, sustainable residing and dealing, blockchain generation, and IoT industry fashions.
Let’s speak about accident-free mobility. Are you able to give a normal assessment of this subject?
We requested ourselves: “How can the IoT assist scale back injuries on public roads?” When an twist of fate occurs, the police most often write up a record. In Switzerland this record information is to be had in virtual shape in a database held through the Swiss public street government. We got get admission to to this information, which covers round 270,000 twist of fate reviews over a duration of six years. With the assistance of synthetic intelligence, we analyzed them and came upon that there are places in Switzerland the place the frequency of injuries is upper than moderate. We name those places “twist of fate hotspots”. We then fed the twist of fate hotspot information into our smartphone app, known as Avertu. According to this information, the app warns drivers if they’re within the neighborhood of such an twist of fate hotspot.
Are there use cases apart from driver warnings where the accident-free mobility concept can be applicable?
Yes, the data can also be used to improve the public infrastructure. In St. Gallen, for example, we detected a high number of accidents at a particular intersection. We asked the local traffic department to take a closer look at this intersection. They found out that the traffic lights were switching too fast. The city then changed the timing of the traffic lights and therefore improved the infrastructure to make traffic safer. This shows that there is potential to collaborate with different interest groups.
The third research topic you are working on is personalized mobility and driver health & wellbeing. Can you tell us something more about this topic?
It doesn’t take much intelligence to realize that car data can provide insights into the technical aspects of driving. Think about mobile diagnostics: Your car can, for instance, tell you when the next oil change is due. However, in our view, the technical aspects are just one part of a wider issue. It’s also important to take the driver and the passengers into consideration. They are an essential part of the system and we want to optimize the collaboration, so to say, between a driver or a passenger and the car.
One of our current research projects aims to find out how cars can be better designed to accommodate the needs of the driver and passengers. We want to develop a service that takes the user’s individual requirements into account. This could be in the form of setting the right temperature or providing you with the infotainment offering you desire. That’s what we call personalized mobility.
What specific aspects are you are dealing with as part of this topic?
Currently, we are conducting research on the stress level of drivers. The goal is for the car to detect your stress level and respond in a way that will reduce it. Building on this, the logical next step for us is to take the general health status of the driver into consideration and support the driver in critical situations.
How do you approach detecting the stress level of drivers?
We are collaborating with universities and medical professionals. In our field tests we used wearables that can be attached to the wrist or arm. We also measured drivers’ blood pressure and vehicle parameters such as speed, acceleration and deceleration. Then, we tried to find correlations in the data we gathered, to find out which driving situation is stressful for a specific person.
Are there specific topics you are working on regarding drivers’ health?
A relatively new topic is diabetes, where we are collaborating with a Swiss hospital. We want to find out if a car can provide insights into the blood sugar level of the driver. The driver could then be informed to take a break to take their insulin medication. It’s ongoing research we started a few months ago. All our research projects are based on the “privacy by design” approach and conducted in close collaboration with the ethics commission.
Do you already have ideas how car data can provide insights into the blood sugar level of the driver?
The participants in our tests measured their blood sugar level in the same way as usual. We then compared the measured blood sugar level to the car data. We used the sensor data to look for correlations. We noticed that low blood sugar levels appear to have an impact on vehicle speed and steering angle. And there may be other correlations between the driver’s blood sugar level and the car data, but it’s too soon to tell because this research is still at a very early stage.
What next steps do you have planned concerning personalized mobility solutions and driver health monitoring?
We want to conduct more field tests, since there are still many unanswered questions. We also want to collaborate with OEMs and other external partners. We cannot influence the design of a vehicle interior by ourselves. By collaborating with an OEM, we would be able to make changes to the interior of a car to make it more comfortable and safer for drivers and passengers.
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